Christianity Timeline

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  • c. 73 BCE - 4 BCE
    Life of Herod the Great, king of Judea.
  • c. 6 BCE - c. 30 CE
    Life of Jesus Christ.
  • 26 CE - 36 CE
    Jesus of Nazareth is crucified during the reign of Pontius Pilate in Judea.
  • c. 36 CE - c. 40 CE
    Call of Paul, the apostle.
  • 42 CE - 62 CE
    Paul the Apostle goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
  • c. 49 CE
  • c. 50 CE - c. 60 CE
    Letters of Paul.
  • c. 50 CE - c. 60 CE
    Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
  • c. 50 CE - c. 70 CE
    The early Christian document the Didache is composed.
  • 60 CE
    An early Christian community is established at Gortyn, Crete.
  • 64 CE
    Unofficial persecution of Christians in Rome.
  • 64 CE
    The great fire in Rome.
  • c. 65 CE - c. 100 CE
    The tales of the life and work of Jesus (gospels) composed.
  • 66 CE - 73 CE
    The Jewish Revolt against Rome.
  • c. 69 CE - c. 70 CE
    The Gospel of Mark.
  • 70 CE
    The city of Jerusalem is besieged and captured by Rome; the Second Temple destroyed.
  • c. 85 CE
    The Gospel of Matthew.
  • c. 95 CE
    The Gospel of Luke and Acts of the Apostles.
  • 202 CE
    The earliest record of a Christian church at Edessa.
  • c. 239 CE - c. 330 CE
    Life of Saint Gregory the Illuminator who is credited with bringing Christianity to Armenia (dates disputed).
  • 249 CE
    10 Christians are famously martyred at Gortyn in a wild animal hunt.
  • c. 300 CE - c. 400 CE
    Christianization of Lutetia.
  • c. 300 CE - c. 350 CE
    Christian Basilica built at Nemea.
  • 312 CE
  • c. 314 CE
    Armenia adopts Christianity as the state religion.
  • c. 330 CE - c. 379 CE
    Life of Basil Great, one of the founding fathers of the Eastern Christian Church and Byzantine Monasteries.
  • 391 CE
    Emperor Theodosius I closes pagan temples.
  • c. 397 CE
    Saint Ninian brings Christianity to Scotland, rise of literacy and written history.
  • 418 CE
    Completion of Orosius' famous work Seven Books of History Against the Pagans.
  • 8 Oct 451 CE - 1 Nov 451 CE
    Fourth Ecumenical Council takes place in Chalcedon, determining that Jesus Christ had two distinct natures and wills, perfectly united.
  • 500 CE
    Amphipolis becomes an important Christian centre and has four basilicas.
  • 503 CE
    Clovis converts to Christianity.
  • 506 CE
    First Council of Dvin establishes that the Armenian Church did not recognize the Fourth Ecumenical Council.
  • 532 CE - 537 CE
    Hagia Sophia is built anew in Constantinople.
  • 608 CE
    The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
  • 691 CE - 692 CE
    Byzantine emperor Justinian II convenes the Council in Trullo to decide on rules for Christians.
  • 862 CE
    Council of Sirakawan between the Armenian and Byzantine Orthodox Churches discuss Christological issues in an effort to reunify, although ultimately unsuccessful.