Tiwanaku (or Tiahuanaco) was the capital of the Tiwanaku empire between c. 200 - 1000 CE and is situated in the Titicaca basin. At an altitude of 3,850 metres (12,600 ft) it was the highest city in the ancient world and had a peak population of between 30,000 and 70,000 residents. The Tiwanaku empire, at its largest extent, dominated the altiplano plains and stretched from the Peruvian coast to northern Bolivia and included parts of northern Chile. Tiwanaku is located near the southern (Bolivian) shores of the sacred Lake Titicaca and it would become the centre of one of the most important of all Andean cultures. The architecture, sculpture, roads, and empire management of Tiwanaku would exert a significant influence on the later Inca civilization. Tiwanaku is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

More about: Tiwanaku


  • 200 CE - 1000 CE
    Tiwanaku Empire flourishes based around Lake Titicaca.
  • 200 CE - 300 CE
    The first monumental stone structures are built at Tiwanaku.
  • c. 450 CE - c. 1000 CE
    The Wari civilization flourishes and builds an empire across ancient Peru.
  • 1000 CE - 1100 CE
    Tiwanaku is abandoned, probably due to a series of severe droughts.