Thomas Cromwell Timeline

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  • c. 1485
    Thomas Cromwell, future first minister to Henry VIII of England is born.
  • 1503
    Thomas Cromwell travels to Italy where he fights as a mercenary and then learns banking.
  • c. 1520
    Thomas Cromwell establishes his own legal practice in London.
  • 1523
    Thomas Cromwell becomes a Member of Parliament.
  • 1524
    Thomas Cromwell joins the household of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey.
  • 1530
    Thomas Cromwell becomes a member of the King's Council.
  • 1532 - 1540
    Thomas Cromwell is chief minister to Henry VIII of England.
  • 1532
    Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Act in Restraint of Annates which limits funds paid to the Papacy.
  • 1533
    Thomas Cromwell is made Master of the Rolls.
  • 1533
    Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Act in Restraint of Appeals which declares that the English monarch is now the highest authority on all legal matters.
  • 23 May 1533
    Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury formally annuls Henry VIII of England’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
  • 1534
    Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Treason Act which forbids people to speak out and criticise their king or his policies.
  • 30 Apr 1534
    Parliament passes the Act of Succession which declares Henry VIII of England's daughter Mary (with Catherine of Aragon) illegitimate.
  • 28 Nov 1534
    The Act of Supremacy declares Henry VIII of England the head of the Church in England and not the Pope.
  • 1535
    Thomas Cromwell and a team of inspectors compile the Valor Ecclesiasticus, a record of all the wealth and income of monastic institutions in England and Wales.
  • Jan 1535
    Thomas Cromwell is made vicar-general by Henry VIII of England.
  • 6 Jul 1535
    Sir Thomas More is executed for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII of England as the head of the Church in England.
  • 1536
    Henry VIII of England and Thomas Cromwell push a bill through Parliament which begins the Dissolution of the Monasteries in England and Wales.
  • 1536
    Thomas Cromwell is made Lord Privy Seal.
  • 1536
    Thomas Cromwell's Ten Articles rejects four of the Seven Sacraments of Catholicism.
  • Aug 1536
    Thomas Cromwell issues The Injunctions, a set of recommendations for the clergy.
  • Oct 1536 - Dec 1536
    The Pilgrimage of Grace, a popular uprising against religious changes made by Henry VIII of England, marches in the north of England.
  • Jul 1537
    Thomas Cromwell publishes The Bishop’s Book.
  • 1538
    Thomas Cromwell issues a more radical version of The Injunctions.
  • 1539
    Henry VIII of England approves the translation of the Bible into English.
  • 1539
    Parliament passes an act to close all monasteries in England and Wales regardless of size.
  • 1539
    Thomas Cromwell is made Earl of Essex and Lord Great Chamberlain.
  • Jan 1540
    Henry VIII of England marries his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 10 Jun 1540
    Thomas Cromwell is arrested on charges of treason and heresy.
  • 9 Jul 1540
    Henry VIII of England and Anne of Cleves divorce by mutual consent. Thomas Cromwell is blamed for the mismatch.
  • 28 Jul 1540
    Thomas Cromwell is executed for treason and heresy.