Teutonic Knight Timeline

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  • 1189 - 1192
    The Third Crusade is formed with the aim of recapturing Jerusalem for Christendom. Although some cities were recaptured, Jerusalem was not one of them.
  • c. 1190
    Teutonic knights establish a field hospital at Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • May 1198
    The Order of Teutonic Knights is officially sanctioned by Pope Innocent III.
  • 1242
    An army of Teutonic knights is defeated by the Russians at Lake Peipus.
  • 1244
    The Teutonic Order adopts a white surcoat and black cross insignia for all knights.
  • 1244
    At the battle of La Forbie near Gaza against an Ayyubid army, a devastating 437 of 440 Teutonic knights are killed.
  • 1271
    The Mamluks of Egypt and Syria capture Montfort fortress, headquarters of the Teutonic Order.
  • 1291
    The Mamluks of Egypt and Syria capture Acre, the headquarters of the Teutonic Order.
  • 1291 - 1309
    Venice is the headquarters of the Teutonic Order.
  • 1308
    The Teutonic Order acquires Danzig and eastern Pomerania.
  • 1309
    The headquarters of the Teutonic Order is moved to a fortified convent at Marienburg in Prussia.
  • 1346
    The Teutonic Order acquires control of northern Estonia.
  • 15 Jul 1410
    At the battle of Tannenburg an army of Teutonic knights is wiped out.
  • 1457
    The headquarters of the Teutonic Order is relocated to Konigsberg.
  • 1525
    The Teutonic Order is secularized in Prussia.
  • 1562
    The Teutonic Order is secularized in Livonia.