Spanish Armada

Definition

The 1588 Spanish Armada was a fleet of 132 ships assembled by King Philip II of Spain (r. 1556-1598) to invade England, his 'Enterprise of England'. The Royal Navy of Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603) met the Armada in the English Channel and, thanks to superior manoeuvrability, better firepower, and bad weather, the Spanish were defeated.

More about: Spanish Armada

Timeline

  • 1556 - 1598
    Reign of Philip II of Spain.
  • 1558 - 1603
    Reign of Elizabeth I of England.
  • Jan 1559
    Elizabeth I of England rejects the marriage proposal of Philip II of Spain.
  • Feb 1570
    The Pope excommunicates Elizabeth I of England.
  • 8 Feb 1587
    Mary, Queen of Scots, guilty of plotting against Elizabeth I of England, is executed.
  • Apr 1587
    Sir Francis Drake attacks Cadiz.
  • 30 May 1588
    The Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain leaves Lisbon.
  • Jul 1588 - Aug 1588
    The Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain is defeated in its attempt to invade England.
  • 19 Jul 1588
    The Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain is sighted off the coast of Cornwall.
  • 20 Jul 1588
    The English fleet sails from its homeport of Plymouth to engage the Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain.
  • 27 Jul 1588
    The Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain retreats to find anchorage off Calais.
  • 28 Jul 1588
    Francis Drake sends fireships into the Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain.
  • 29 Jul 1588
    The English fleet attacks the Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain at the Battle of Gravelines, forcing the Spanish to retreat homewards via the Scottish coast.
  • 9 Aug 1588
    Elizabeth I of England visits her land army at Tilbury which was assembled to repel the invasion of the Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain.
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