Shi Huangdi


Shi Huangdi (l.259-210 BCE/r.221-210 BCE, also known as Qin Shi Huang, Qin Shih Huandi, Shi Huangti or Shih Huan-ti) was the first emperor of a unified China. Shi Huangdi means `First Emperor' and is a title, not a proper name. The Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE) he founded (pronounced `Chin') gave its name to China.

More about: Shi Huangdi


  • c. 481 BCE - 221 BCE
    The Warring States Period in China.
  • 259 BCE - 210 BCE
    Life of Ying Zheng of Qin, Shi Huangdi, First Emperor of China.
  • c. 246 BCE - c. 247 BCE
    Prince Ying Zheng becomes King of Qin, age 12 or 13.
  • 238 BCE
    Lao Ai Rebellion in Qin.
  • 230 BCE - 221 BCE
    King Ying Zheng of Qin defeats the other warring states, claims Mandate of Heaven to rule China.
  • 221 BCE
    King Ying Zheng assumes the title Shi Huangdi, First Emperor of China. Founds Qin Dynasty.
  • 221 BCE - 206 BCE
    Qin Dynasty in China.
  • c. 221 BCE
    Construction of Northern Frontier wall by Shi Huangdi, First Emperor of China, precursor to Great Wall.
  • c. 218 BCE
    Construction of the Great Wall of China is initiated.
  • 213 BCE - 206 BCE
    Qin Dynasty elevates Legalism as state philosophy and bans all others.
  • 213 BCE
    The Burning of the Books and the Burying of Philosophers Period in China.
  • c. 213 BCE - 210 BCE
    Shi Huangdi increasingly obsessed with death and immortality.
  • 210 BCE
    First Emperor of China Shi Huangdi dies, buried with army of 8,000 terracotta warriors in palace tomb.
  • 210 BCE - 206 BCE
    China rises in rebellion against crumbling Qin Dynasty.
  • 206 BCE - 202 BCE
    The Chu Han Contention, states of Chu and Han fight for supremacy of rule.
  • 202 BCE
    The Battle of Gaixia, Chu forces defeated by the Han.
  • 202 BCE
    Liu-Bang of Han founds the Han Dynasty in China.