Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi (also given as Jalal ad-did Muhammad Balkhi, best known as Rumi, l. 1207-1273 CE) was a Persian Islamic theologian and scholar but became famous as a mystical poet whose work focuses on the opportunity for a meaningful and elevated life through personal knowledge and love of God.

More about: Rumi


  • 1207 - 1273
    Life of the Persian poet Rumi, considered one of the greatest literary artists in the world.
  • c. 1215
    Rumi's father flees Balkh, Afghanistan to escape invading Mongols; moves family to Konya, Anatolia.
  • c. 1228
    Rumi is a highly-respected teacher and theologian living in Konya. When his father dies, he assumes his role as head of the religious community.
  • 1244
    Rumi meets the Sufi mystic Shams-i-Tabrizi and the two become inseparable friends.
  • 1248
    Shams-i-Tabrizi disappears; Rumi recognizes their spiritual connection is ongoing and begins to compose verse.
  • 1248 - 1273
    Rumi composes mystical poetry for the rest of his life, including his famous work, the Masnavi, still unfinished at the time of his death.