Punic Wars Timeline

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  • 264 BCE
    The Mamertines at Messana on Sicily call for Carthaginian and then Roman help in defence against Syracuse, sparking the First Punic War.
  • 264 BCE - 241 BCE
    First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
  • c. 263 BCE
    Antaros and 3000 Celts fight with Carthage in the First Punic War.
  • 263 BCE
    Segesta joins the Roman cause in the First Punic War.
  • 262 BCE
    Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
  • 260 BCE
    First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae in the First Punic War.
  • 260 BCE
    Rome builds a fleet of 120 ships in just 60 days to fight the First Punic War.
  • 258 BCE
    Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis during the First Punic War.
  • 256 BCE
    Roman naval victory against Carthage off Ecnomus during the First Punic War.
  • 256 BCE
    Rome lands an army of four legions on African soil at Clupea during the First Punic War.
  • 255 BCE - 253 BCE
    Roman fleets are wrecked by storms off Pachynus and Palinurus during the First Punic War.
  • 255 BCE
    Carthage sues for peace during the First Punic War but the Roman consul Regulus' excessive demands are rejected.
  • 255 BCE
    A Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis during the First Punic War.
  • 254 BCE
    Romans capture Palermo during the First Punic War.
  • Jun 250 BCE
    A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated by Roman consul Metellus near Palermo in the First Punic War.
  • 249 BCE
    Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum during the First Punic War.
  • 249 BCE
    Antaros withdraws his support from Carthage.
  • 247 BCE
    Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
  • 244 BCE
    Hamilcar Barca captures Eryx on Sicily during the First Punic War.
  • 242 BCE
    A Roman fleet besieges the Carthaginian stronghold of Drepana on Sicily during the First Punic War.
  • 241 BCE
    Roman naval victory off the Aegates Islands leads to victory over Carthage, ending the First Punic War.
  • 237 BCE
    Hamilcar Barca arrives in southern Spain to expand Carthage's interests there. He makes his base at Gades and founds Acra Leuce.
  • 229 BCE
    Hasdrubal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
  • 226 BCE
    Hasdrubal signs an agreement with Rome not to cross the Ebro river in Spain.
  • 221 BCE
    Hannibal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
  • 219 BCE
    Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.
  • 218 BCE - 201 BCE
    Second Punic War.
  • Mar 218 BCE
    Rome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal sacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
  • Apr 218 BCE - May 218 BCE
    Hannibal leaves Spain to cross the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy.
  • Nov 218 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Ticinus.
  • Dec 218 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Trebia.
  • Jun 217 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Lake Trasimene.
  • 216 BCE
    Marcus Claudius Marcellus successfully defends Nola against attack from Hannibal during the Second Punic War.
  • 216 BCE
    "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.
  • Aug 216 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Cannae, the worst defeat in Roman history.
  • 215 BCE
    A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated at the battle of Ibera in Spain.
  • 214 BCE
    Syracuse joins the side of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
  • 213 BCE - 212 BCE
    Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus lays seige to and ultimately sacks Syracuse.
  • 212 BCE
    A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
  • 211 BCE
    Marcus Claudius Marcellus is given a triumph for his capture of Syracuse and victories in Sicily.
  • 211 BCE
    Scipio Africanus lands an army for the second time at Empuries in northeastern Spain during the Second Punic War.
  • 211 BCE
    A Carthaginian army defeats two Roman consuls and their armies in the Tader valley, Spain.
  • 210 BCE - 207 BCE
    Scipio Africanus conquers Spain for Rome.
  • 209 BCE
    Tarentum comes under Roman control during the Second Punic War.
  • 209 BCE
    Scipio Africanus captures the Carthaginian base and treasury Carthago Nova in southern Spain.
  • 208 BCE
    Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus is killed in an ambush in Venusia, southern Italy.
  • 208 BCE
    Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal at Baecula in Spain.
  • 207 BCE
    Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.
  • c. 22 Jun 207 BCE
    Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.
  • 206 BCE - 205 BCE
    The Romans conquer Gades. End of the Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 206 BCE
    Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain.
  • 204 BCE - 203 BCE
    Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.
  • 204 BCE
    Scipio Africanus sails to North Africa in the Second Punic War.
  • 203 BCE
    Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
  • 203 BCE
    Scipio Africanus attacks the two camps of Syphax and Gisgo in North Africa and destroys their armies.
  • 203 BCE
    Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.
  • 203 BCE
    Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
  • 19 Oct 202 BCE
    Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War.
  • 150 BCE
    A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
  • 149 BCE - 146 BCE
    Third Punic War.
  • 149 BCE
    Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.
  • 148 BCE
    The Roman siege of Carthage, in its second year, remains unsuccessful.
  • 147 BCE
    Scipio Africanus the Younger takes over command of the siege of Carthage and builds a mole to block its harbour.
  • 146 BCE
    Scipio Africanus the Younger sacks Carthage and enslaves its population.
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