Portuguese Brazil Timeline

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  • 1500
    The Portuguese mariner Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.
  • 1502
    The Portuguese establish the first trading station (feitoria) in Brazil north of Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1511
    The name Brazil first appears on maps.
  • 1511
    The Portuguese mariners João de Lisboa and Estêvão Froes explore the coast of Brazil.
  • 1532
    The first Portuguese settlement in Brazil is founded at São Vicente.
  • 1533 - 1539
    The first sugar plantations are established in Portuguese Brazil at Pernambuco, Sâo Vicente and Rio.
  • 1549
    Brazil is made a Crown colony of the Portuguese empire.
  • 1567
    The French colony of France Antarctique in Guanabara Bay, Brazil is taken over by the Portuguese.
  • 1570
    The Portuguese Crown prohibits Amerindians in Portuguese Brazil being taken as slaves.
  • 1572
    The Portuguese Crown establishes a viceroy in Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1624
    The Dutch capture Salvador in Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1630
    The Dutch capture Olinda and Recife in Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1632
    The Dutch capture Pernambuco in Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1648
    A military froce from Portuguese Brazil recaptures Luanda, the capital of Portuguese Angola, from Dutch control.
  • 1654
    Portuguese Brazil regains control of those parts of the colony taken over by the Dutch.
  • 1663
    A peace treaty is agreed between Portugal and the Netherlands regarding Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1711
    French forces briefly take over Rio de Janeiro in Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1755
    Amerindians in Portuguese Brazil are recognised as full and free subjects of the Portuguese Crown.
  • 1763
    Rio de Janeiro is made sole capital of Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1808
    Fearing for its safety, the Portuguese monarchy relocates to Portuguese Brazil.
  • 1822
    Brazil declares independence form Portugal.