Battle of Plataea

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Definition

The Battle of Plataea was a land battle between Greeks and Persians near the small town of Plataea in Boeotia in 479 BCE. Following up their naval victory at the Battle of Salamis in September 480 BCE against the same enemy, the Greeks again defeated an invading army sent by the Persian ruler Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE), this time thanks to their hoplite warriors. The victory ensured the continued independence of their city-states and permitted an astonishingly rich period of artistic and cultural endeavour to begin which would lay the cultural foundations of all future Western civilizations.

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