Phoenician Colonization Timeline

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  • c. 1200 BCE - c. 800 BCE
    First wave of Phoenician colonization where largely trading-posts are founded throughout the Mediterranean.
  • c. 1110 BCE
    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Gades (Cadiz).
  • c. 1101 BCE
    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Utica by Sidon (or Tyre).
  • c. 814 BCE
    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
  • c. 800 BCE - 600 BCE
    Second stage of Phoenician colonization where trading-posts become full colonies throughout the Mediterranean.
  • c. 750 BCE
    Phoenicians found the colony of Motya on Sicily.