Philip the Arab


Philip the Arab ruled as emperor of the Roman Empire briefly from 244 CE to 249 CE. In 244 CE Roman emperor Gordian III responded to an uprising in the eastern provinces instigated by the Persian king Shapur. Under the superb leadership of the Praetorian Guard prefect Gaius Furius Sabina Aquila Timesitheus, the revolt was swiftly suppressed. Unfortunately, after the commander's sudden death, his successor, Philip the Arab, grew disillusioned with his role as the new commander and set his sights much higher - the imperial throne. According to the Historia Augusta, “This Philip was low born but arrogant and now could not contain himself in his sudden rise to the office and immoderate good fortune, but immediately, through the soldiers, began to plot against Gordian, who had begun to trust him as a father.”

More about: Philip the Arab


  • 204 CE
    Birth of Roman Emperor Philip the Arab.
  • 244 CE - 249 CE
    Reign of Philip the Arab in Rome.
  • 247 CE
    Philip the Arab's son is given the title of Augustus.
  • 249 CE
    Defeat and death of Roman Emperor Philip the Arab.