Nergal (also known as Erra and Irra) is the Mesopotamian god of death, war, and destruction. He began as a regional, probably agricultural, god of the Babylonian city of Kutha in the Early Dynastic Period I (c. 2900-2800 BCE). As his temple was known as E-meslam, he was known as Meslamtaea ('he who comes forth from Meslam').

More about: Nergal


  • c. 2900 BCE - 2700 BCE
    Nergal first appears in Mesopotamian religion as a regional god of Kutha known as Meslamtaea.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    Meslamtaea becomes Nergal/Erra during the Ur III Period of Mesopotamian history.
  • 1344 BCE - 1322 BCE
    Nergal as Aplu the Plague God cited for bringing the plague during the reign of Hittite King Suppiluliuma I.
  • c. 800 BCE
    Probable date of composition of The Wrath of Erra, describing Nergal's destruction of Babylon.
  • c. 626 BCE - 539 BCE
    Best known copy of The Marriage of Ereshkigal and Nergal written during the Neo-Babylonian Period of Mesopotamian history.