Naxos

Definition

Naxos, with an area of 430 km², is the largest island in the Cyclades archipelago. The island enjoyed its most prosperous periods in the early Bronze Age and again in the Archaic and Classical periods.

More about: Naxos

Timeline

  • c. 5000 BCE
    The Cyclades are first inhabited by settlers from Asia Mnior.
  • 3000 BCE - 2200 BCE
    The first archaeological evidence of organised communities in the Cyclades.
  • 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE
    Distinctive minimalistic standing marble figurines are produced in the Cyclades.
  • 2200 BCE - 1700 BCE
    Evidence of town planning and more sophisticated architecture in the Cylades.
  • 1700 BCE - 1400 BCE
    The culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by Minoan Crete.
  • 1400 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
  • c. 1025 BCE
    Migrants from Ionia settle on Naxos.
  • 700 BCE - 600 BCE
    Temples are built in honour of Apollo, Demeter and Dionysos on the island of Naxos.
  • 600 BCE - 300 BCE
    Dionysos appears on the coins of Naxos, Mende and various other Greek city states.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Naxos dedicates a large column and sphinx to the oracle of Apollo at Delphi.
  • c. 499 BCE
    Naxos is attacked by Darius' Persian forces.
  • 490 BCE
    Naxos is attacked for a second time by Persian forces.
  • 478 BCE
    Many Cycladic states join the Athenian led Delian League as a defence against Persian agression.
  • c. 467 BCE
    The island of Naxos rebels against Athenian dominance of the Delian League.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Cycladic city states side with Athens in the Peloponnesian war against Sparta and her allies.
  • 377 BCE - 355 BCE
    The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .
  • 166 BCE
    Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
  • 41 BCE
    Rome takes control over Naxos in the Cyclades.
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