Mount Athos Timeline

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  • 883
    A decree by Byzantine emperor Basil I is the first recorded evidence of a monastery on Mount Athos.
  • 941
    Byzantine Emperor Romanos I grants pension rights to the monks on Mount Athos.
  • 963
    The Great Lavra monastery on Mount Athos is founded by Saint Athanasios.
  • c. 980
    The Iviron monastery on Mount Athos is founded by Georgian monks.
  • 1304 - 1309
    Spanish mercenaries of the Catalan Grand Company attack the monasteries on Mount Athos.
  • 1430
    The Ottoman Empire grants Mount Athos and its monasteries independence in exchange for annual tribute.
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