Middle Kingdom of Egypt Timeline
c. 2061 BCE - c. 2010 BCE
Reign of Mentuhotep II in Egypt, founder of the Middle Kingdom era.
2040 BCE - 1782 BCE
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt.
c. 2010 BCE - c. 1998 BCE
Reign of Mentuhotep III in Egypt.
c. 1997 BCE - c. 1991 BCE
Reign of Mentuhotep IV in Egypt.
c. 1991 BCE - 1962 BCE
Amenemhat I creates the first Egyptian standing army.
c. 1991 BCE - c. 1962 BCE
Reign of Amenemhat I who moves capital of Egypt from Thebes to Itj-tawi (Lisht) in Lower Egypt.
1991 BCE - 1802 BCE
Mysteries of Osiris observed at Abydos during 12th Dynasty of Egypt.
c. 1971 BCE - c. 1926 BCE
Reign of Senusret I in Egypt who begins construction of Temple of Amun at Karnak.
c. 1929 BCE - c. 1895 BCE
Reign of Amenemhat II in Egypt.
c. 1897 BCE - c. 1878 BCE
Reign of Senusret II in Egypt.
c. 1878 BCE - c. 1860 BCE
Reign of the Warrior-King Senusret III, the most powerful ruler of the Middle Kingdom.
c. 1860 BCE - c. 1815 BCE
Reign of Amenemhat III in Egypt.
c. 1815 BCE - c. 1807 BCE
Reign of Amenemhat IV in Egypt.
c. 1807 BCE - c. 1802 BCE
Reign of the female monarch Sobekneferu in Egypt.
c. 1802 BCE - c. 1800 BCE
Reign of Sobekhotep I, first king of the 13th Dynasty, in Egypt. The Middle Kingdom declines after him.