Middle Kingdom of Egypt

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The Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE) is considered ancient Egypt's Classical Age during which it produced some of its greatest works of art and literature. Scholars remain divided on which dynasties constitute the Middle Kingdom as some argue for the later half of the 11th through the 12th, some the 12th to 14th, and some the 12th and 13th.

More about: Middle Kingdom of Egypt


  • c. 2061 BCE - c. 2010 BCE
    Reign of Mentuhotep II in Egypt, founder of the Middle Kingdom era.
  • 2040 BCE - 1782 BCE
    The Middle Kingdom of Egypt.
  • c. 2010 BCE - c. 1998 BCE
    Reign of Mentuhotep III in Egypt.
  • c. 1997 BCE - c. 1991 BCE
    Reign of Mentuhotep IV in Egypt.
  • c. 1991 BCE - 1962 BCE
    Amenemhat I creates the first Egyptian standing army.
  • c. 1991 BCE - c. 1962 BCE
    Reign of Amenemhat I who moves capital of Egypt from Thebes to Itj-tawi (Lisht) in Lower Egypt.
  • 1991 BCE - 1802 BCE
    Mysteries of Osiris observed at Abydos during 12th Dynasty of Egypt.
  • c. 1971 BCE - c. 1926 BCE
    Reign of Senusret I in Egypt who begins construction of Temple of Amun at Karnak.
  • c. 1929 BCE - c. 1895 BCE
    Reign of Amenemhat II in Egypt.
  • c. 1897 BCE - c. 1878 BCE
    Reign of Senusret II in Egypt.
  • c. 1878 BCE - c. 1860 BCE
    Reign of the Warrior-King Senusret III, the most powerful ruler of the Middle Kingdom.
  • c. 1860 BCE - c. 1815 BCE
    Reign of Amenemhat III in Egypt.
  • c. 1815 BCE - c. 1807 BCE
    Reign of Amenemhat IV in Egypt.
  • c. 1807 BCE - c. 1802 BCE
    Reign of the female monarch Sobekneferu in Egypt.
  • c. 1802 BCE - c. 1800 BCE
    Reign of Sobekhotep I, first king of the 13th Dynasty, in Egypt. The Middle Kingdom declines after him.