Mesopotamian Religion

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3369 / $18000

Definition

Mesopotamian religion was central to the people's lives. Humans were created as co-laborers with their gods to hold off the forces of chaos and to keep the world running smoothly. As in ancient Egypt, the gods were honored daily for providing humanity with life and sustenance, and people were expected to give back through works that honored the gods.

More about: Mesopotamian Religion

Timeline

  • c. 3500 BCE
    First written evidence of religion in the world recorded on Sumerian tablets.
  • c. 2600 BCE
    The Myth of Etana written.
  • 2285 BCE - 2250 BCE
    Life of Enheduanna, daughter of Sargon of Akkad, and world's first author known by name.
  • c. 2150 BCE - c. 1400 BCE
    The tales of Gilgamesh written which inform The Epic of Gilgamesh
  • c. 1900 BCE - c. 1600 BCE
    Composition of The Descent of Inanna.
  • c. 1800 BCE
    Written form of the Hymn to Ninkasi, the goddess of beer.
  • c. 1700 BCE
    The Ludul-Bel-Nimeqi written (known as the Sumerian 'Book of Job').
  • c. 1640 BCE - c. 1700 BCE
    Written form of the Atrahasis Myth of the Great Flood.
  • c. 1300 BCE
    The Myth of Adapa appears in written form.
  • c. 1100 BCE
    The Enuma Elish creation myth written down.
Membership