Mary of Guise

Definition

Mary of Guise (aka Marie de Lorraine, 1515-1560) was a French noblewoman who became the second wife of James V of Scotland (r. 1513-1542). With the premature death of her husband, her daughter Mary, Queen of Scots (r. 1542-1567) became queen. Mary was still a minor and so Mary of Guise acted as her regent from 1554 to 1560. A staunch Catholic and supporter of French interests in Britain, Mary was not always popular with more traditional-minded Scottish nobles and Protestant leaders like John Knox (c. 1514-1572 CE). Mary’s daughter did eventually become queen in her own right, and her grandson, James I of England, went on to unify the thrones of Scotland and England from 1603.

More about: Mary of Guise

Timeline

  • 1515 - 1560
    Life of Mary of Guise, queen and then regent of Scotland.
  • 1536 - 1537
    James V of Scotland visits France for seven months.
  • 12 Jun 1538
    James V of Scotland marries his second wife, Mary of Guise.
  • 8 Dec 1542
    Mary, Queen of Scots is born, daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise.
  • 14 Dec 1542
    James V of Scotland dies of illness at Falkland Palace.
  • 1544
    An army sent by Henry VIII of England attacks Scotland and sacks Edinburgh.
  • 1544 - 1545
    English forces ravage the Scottish Lowlands, the so-called ‘Rough Wooing’.
  • 1545
    An army of Henry VIII of England is defeated by the Scots at the Battle of Ancrum Moor.
  • 10 Sep 1547
    An English army led by Edward Seymour defeats a Scottish army at the Battle of Pinkie.
  • 1550
    A peace treaty is signed between England, France, and Scotland, the Treaty of Boulogne.
  • 1553 - 1558
    Reign of Mary I of England.
  • 1558 - 1603
    Reign of Elizabeth I of England.
  • 11 Jun 1560
    Mary of Guise dies at Edinburgh Castle.
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