Magna Graecia Timeline

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  • c. 740 BCE - c. 433 BCE
    Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
  • c. 740 BCE
    Chalcis and Kyme found the colony of Cumae in Magna Graecia.
  • 720 BCE
    Metapontum in Magna Graecia is found by Achaeans.
  • c. 720 BCE
    Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
  • c. 710 BCE
    Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
  • 706 BCE
    Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
  • c. 580 BCE
    Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
  • 570 BCE - 530 BCE
    The Doric Temple of Hera is built at Metapontum, Magna Graecia.
  • c. 540 BCE
    Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
  • 491 BCE - 478 BCE
    Reign of Gelon, tyrant of Gela on Sicily.
  • 490 BCE
    Tarentum wins victories against the Messapians and Peucetians in Magna Graecia.
  • c. 489 BCE - c. 473 BCE
    The tyrant Theron rules Agrigento.
  • 480 BCE
    Tarentum wins victories against the Messapians and Peucetians in Magna Graecia.
  • 480 BCE
    Agrigento defeats Carthage at the battle of Himera.
  • c. 480 BCE
    The huge temple of Zeus is built at Agrigento.
  • c. 475 BCE
    The Messapians inflict a heavy defeat on Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
  • 450 BCE - 430 BCE
    The Temple of Concordia is built at Agrigento.
  • c. 443 BCE
    Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
  • 440 BCE
    Brundisium and Thurii form an alliance in southern Italy.
  • 433 BCE
    The colony of Heraclea in Magna Graecia is founded by Tarentum.
  • 433 BCE
    Tarentum founds Heraclea in Magna Graecia.
  • 406 BCE
    Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
  • 338 BCE
    Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.
  • 282 BCE
    Gela, on Sicily, is destroyed by Phintias, the tyrant of Agrigento.
  • 270 BCE
    Rome occupies Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
  • 262 BCE
    Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
  • 210 BCE
    Rome attacks Agrigento.
  • 209 BCE
    Tarentum comes under Roman control during the Second Punic War.
  • 89 BCE
    All poleis or city-states in Magna Graecia come under Roman control.
  • c. 470 CE - c. 385 CE
    Life of the philosopher Philolaus, active in Magna Graecia.
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