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Lumbini is a village, archaeological site, and place of pilgrimage honored as the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha, l. c. 563-483 BCE) located in modern-day Rupandehi District of Nepal, Province 5, near the Indian border. It was first formally identified as the Buddha's birthsite in 249 BCE by the Mauryan king Ashoka the Great (r. 268-232 BCE).

More about: Lumbini


  • c. 563 BCE - c. 483 BCE
    The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to modern scholarly consensus.
  • 350 CE - 375 CE
    Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Seng-Tsai makes the first recorded visit to Lumbini.
  • 399 CE
    A Buddhist Chinese pilgrim named Faxian (Fa-Hien) visited Kapilavastu and Lumbini. as recorded in his work "A Record of the Buddhistic kingdoms".
  • 627 CE
    Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Xuanzang visits and makes detailed notes on Lumbini.