Late Period of Ancient Egypt

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3411 / $18000

Definition

The Late Period of Egypt (525-332 BCE) is the era following the Third Intermediate Period (1069-525) and preceding the brief Hellenistic Period (332-323 BCE) when Egypt was ruled by the Argead officials installed by Alexander the Great prior to the rise of the Greek Ptolemaic Dynasty (323-30 BCE).

More about: Late Period of Ancient Egypt

Timeline

  • 525 BCE - 331 BCE
    The Late Period of Egyptian History.
  • 525 BCE - 404 BCE
    27th Dynasty of Egypt, Persian kings rule.
  • 525 BCE - 522 BCE
    Cambyses II of Persia rules Egypt and leads campaign to Nubia.
  • 522 BCE - 486 BCE
    Darius I (The Great) rules Egypt.
  • 486 BCE - 465 BCE
    Xerxes I rules Egypt, uses country as resource for invasion of Greece.
  • 465 BCE - 424 BCE
    Artaxerxes I rules Egypt.
  • 460 BCE - 454 BCE
    Egyptian revolt of Inaros I with assistance from Greece.
  • 424 BCE - 404 BCE
    Darius II rules Egypt.
  • 404 BCE - 398 BCE
    The 28th Dynasty of Egypt under Amyrtaeus who frees Lower Egypt from the Persians.
  • 404 BCE - 358 BCE
    Artaxerxes II rules Upper Egypt.
  • 398 BCE - 380 BCE
    The 29th Dynasty of Egypt.
  • 392 BCE - 379 BCE
    Hakor rules Egypt.
  • c. 380 BCE
    Nepherites II reigns in Egypt, last king of 29th Dynasty.
  • 380 BCE - 343 BCE
    30th Dynasty of Egypt.
  • 380 BCE - 362 BCE
    Nectanebo I reigns in Egypt, founds 30th Dynasty, revives Egypt's past glory.
  • 362 BCE - 360 BCE
    Teos reigns briefly in Egypt until betrayed by his brother.
  • 360 BCE - 343 BCE
    Nectanebo II reigns in Egypt, last native Egyptian ruler.
  • 358 BCE - 338 BCE
    Reign of Artaxerxes III in Upper Egypt and all of Egypt after 343 BCE.
  • 343 BCE
    Nectanebo II defeated in battle by Artaxerxes III, Egypt taken by the Persians again.
  • 343 BCE - 331 BCE
    31st Dynasty of Egypt, Persian kings rule.
  • 336 BCE - 332 BCE
    Reign of Darius III in Egypt.
  • 331 BCE
    Persians defeated by Alexander the Great who liberates Egypt.
Membership