The Kremlin is a fortified complex located in the centre of Moscow, Russia, which is made up of towers, high walls, palaces, and cathedrals. Construction of the Kremlin began as early as the 12th century. As one of Russia's most famous landmarks, it has played a crucial part in Russia's history as the main seat of Russian royalty and government.

More about: Kremlin


  • 1156
    The first Kremlin is constructed during the reign of Prince Yuri Dolgoruky.
  • 1326
    The Cathedral of the Assumption is completed.
  • 1329
    The Church of St. John of the Ladder to the Bell Tower is completed.
  • 1330
    The Cathedral of the Saviour of the Forest is completed.
  • 1333
    The Cathedral of the Archangel is completed.
  • 1367
    The Kremlin's wooden walls and towers are rebuilt with white stone.
  • 1368
    The new Kremlin is completed during the reign of Prince Dmitry Donskoi.
  • 1368
    The Kremlin is invaded by a Lithuanian army, but the army quickly retreats.
  • 1370
    The Lithuanian army returns to take the Kremlin but retreats once again.
  • 1382
    The Kremlin is destroyed by Khan Tokhtamysh and his Golden Horde.
  • 1474
    Italian architect Ridolfo Fioravanti arrives in Moscow to work on the Kremlin.
  • 1479
    The Dormition Cathedral (Assumption Cathedral) is completed and consecrated.
  • 1490
    The Konstantino-Eleninskaya Tower and the Borovitskaya Tower are completed.
  • 1491
    The Frolov and the Nikolsky gates and towers are completed.
  • 1492
    The Palace of Facets is completed.
  • 1508
    The Ivan the Great Bell Tower is completed.
  • 1514
    The Grand Ducal Palace is completed.
  • 1538
    The Kremlin grows to have seven gates and 13 towers.
  • 1598 - 1612
    The Time of Troubles takes place in Russia.
  • 1636
    Terem Palace is completed.
  • 1712
    St. Petersburg becomes the new capital city of Russia.
  • 1771 - 1772
    Moscow goes through the plague.
  • 1812
    Napoleon Bonaparte takes up residence in the Kremlin and then destroys it when he leaves.