Kingdom of Northumbria Timeline

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  • c. 547 - 599
    Reign of Ida the Flamethrower; first king and founder of settlement in the region.
  • 593 - 616
    Reign of Aethelfrith in Northumbria.
  • c. 600
    Battle of Catraeth; Aethelfrith defeats the Britons, enlarges Northumbria. .
  • c. 604 - 954
  • c. 604
    Unification of Bernicia and Deira under Aethelfrith as Kingdom of Northumbria.
  • 616
    Battle of Chester; Aethelfrith defeats Welsh, expands kingdom.
  • 616
    Battle of Bawtry; Aethelfrith killed fighting East Anglia.
  • 616 - 633
    Reign of Edwin in Northumbria.
  • 626
    Battle of Win-and-Lose Hill; Edwin of Northumbria defeats forces of Wessex and Mercia.
  • 633
    Battle of Hatfield Chase; Northumbria collapses after defeat by Mercia.
  • 634 - 642
    Reign of Oswald in Northumbria.
  • 635
    Lindisfarne monastery in Northumbria is founded by the Irish missionary Aidan.
  • 642
    Battle of Maserfield; Northumbria defeated by Mercia, Oswald killed.
  • 642 - 670
    Reign of Oswiu in Northumbria.
  • 654
    Reunification of Northumbria under King Oswiu.
  • 655
    Battle of the Winwaed; Northumbria defeats Mercia.
  • 664
    Synod of Whitby; Oswiu of Northumbria decides in favor of Roman Catholicism over Celtic Christianity.
  • c. 672 - 735
    Life of cleric and scholar Bede of Northumbria.
  • c. 735 - 804
    Life of scholar and cleric Alcuin of York.
  • c. 735 - c. 802
    Period of instability in Northumbria; over ten kings rule in quick succession.
  • 793
    Viking raid on Lindisfarne Monastery in Northumbria.
  • 829
    Wessex becomes overlord to Northumbria.
  • 866
    Great Heathen Army of the Vikings invades Northumbria.
  • 867
    Battle of York; Vikings defeat Northumbria.
  • 876 - 954
    Norse rule in Northumbria.
  • 946 - 955
    Reign of Eadred of Wessex, King of England; conquers Norse of Northumbria.
  • 952 - 954
    Reign of Eric Bloodaxe; last Norse king of Northumbria.
  • 954
    Norse driven out by Eadred of Wessex; Northumbria becomes part of England under Eadred.