Khitan

Definition

The Khitan people formed the Liao dynasty and ruled parts of Mongolia, Manchuria, and northern China from 907 to 1125 CE. Adopting elements of Chinese government and culture, the Khitan were more than a match for their rivals the Song dynasty of China and Goryeo kingdom of Korea, and they provided a model of conquest and assimilation which would be repeated much more successfully by the later Mongol empire.

More about: Khitan

Timeline

  • 907 - 927
    Emperor Taizu rules the Liao dynasty in northern China.
  • 907 - 1125
    The Khitan tribes form the Liao dynasty and rule parts of Mongolia, Manchuria and northern China.
  • 927 - 947
    Emperor Taizong rules the Liao dynasty in northern China.
  • 938
    The Khitan Liao dynasty invades northern China.
  • 947 - 951
    Emperor Shizong rules the Liao dynasty in northern China.
  • 951 - 969
    Emperor Muzong rules the Liao dynasty of northern China.
  • 960 - 1125
    The Northern Song Dynasty in China.
  • 969 - 982
    Emperor Jingzong rules the Liao dynasty of northern China.
  • 982 - 1031
    Emperor Shenzong rules the Liao dynasty of northern China.
  • 994
    The Khitan Liao dynasty invades the Korean peninsula.
  • 1004
    Treaty of Shanyuan which brings peace between the Liao dynasty and Song dynasty of China with the latter compelled to pay annual tribute.
  • 1031 - 1055
    Emperor Xingzong rules the Liao dynasty of northern China.
  • 1033
    Goryeo wins a decisive battle against the northern Khitan tribes.
  • 1055 - 1101
    Emperor Daozong rules the Liao dynasty of northern China.
  • 1101 - 1125
    Emperor Tianzu rules the Liao dynasty of northern China.
  • 1115
    The Jurchen (Jin state) attack the Liao state in northern China.
  • 1120
    The Jin state attacks the Khitan-Liao capital of Jehol in northern China.
  • 1216
    The Mongols pursue the Khitan into Korea.
  • 1219
    A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
Membership