Joseph Haydn

Definition

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was an Austrian composer of Classical music who is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers in history. Haydn spent most of his career around Vienna, where he pioneered the symphony and string quartet format, which became standard forms of Classical music. Haydn enjoyed a high international reputation during his own lifetime, with his work being performed across Europe.

More about: Joseph Haydn

Timeline

  • 1732 - 1809
    Life of the composer Joseph Haydn.
  • 31 Mar 1732
    Joseph Haydn is born in the village of Rohrau, Lower Austria.
  • 1740 - 1749
    Joseph Haydn is a choirboy at St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna.
  • 1757 - 1761
    Joseph Haydn works for Count Morzin in Bohemia.
  • 1760
    Joseph Haydn marries Maria Anna Keller.
  • 1761 - 1790
    Joseph Haydn works for the Hungarian Counts Esterházy.
  • 1761
    Joseph Haydn composes his trio of symphonies Times of Day.
  • 1766
    Joseph Haydn becomes the Kapellmeister at the Esterházy court.
  • 1775
    Joseph Haydn composes his opera L’incontro improviso (The Unexpected Encounter).
  • 1783
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn meet for the first time.
  • 1791
    Joseph Haydn first visits London.
  • 1792
    Ludwig van Beethoven moves to Vienna and studies under Joseph Haydn.
  • 1798
    Joseph Haydn completes his oratorio Die Schöpfung (The Creation).
  • 1801
    Joseph Haydn completes his oratorio Die Jahreszeiten (The Seasons).
  • 31 May 1809
    Joseph Haydn dies in his sleep at home in Vienna.
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