Joachim Murat

Definition

Joachim Murat (1767-1815) was a French cavalry officer who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802) and Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). He was appointed marshal of the French Empire in 1804, Grand Duke of Berg in 1806, and ruled as King of Naples from 1808 until 1815. Through his marriage to Caroline Bonaparte, he was the brother-in-law of Napoleon I.

More about: Joachim Murat

Timeline

  • 23 Mar 1767 - 13 Oct 1815
    Life of Joachim Murat, marshal of the French Empire and King of Naples.
  • 20 Jun 1791 - 21 Jun 1791
    The Flight to Varennes, an attempted escape by the French royal family from Paris, is foiled; public disdain for the monarchy increases.
  • 5 Oct 1795
    During the French Revolution, the royalist revolt of 13 Vendemiaire is crushed by Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • 10 Apr 1796 - 2 Apr 1797
    Napoleon Bonaparte's Italian Campaign.
  • 20 Jan 1800
    Joachim Murat marries Caroline Bonaparte.
  • 25 Sep 1805 - 20 Oct 1805
    Napoleon's Ulm Campaign results in the elimination of an Austrian army under General Mack.
  • 2 Dec 1805
    Napoleon's Grande Armée smashes an Austro-Russian army at the Battle of Austerlitz.
  • 7 Feb 1807 - 8 Feb 1807
    The French and Russian armies fight the bloody, yet inconclusive, Battle of Eylau; both sides subsequently retreat into winter quarters.
  • 1808
    Napoleon installs Joachim Murat as King of Naples.
  • 2 May 1808
    Dos de Mayo uprisings in Madrid.
  • 7 Sep 1812
    Napoleon's Grande Armée clashes with the Kutuzov's Russian army at the Battle of Borodino.
  • 5 Dec 1812
    Napoleon heads to Paris, gives control of the Grande Armée to Joachim Murat; the disastrous Russian campaign is over.
  • 16 Oct 1813 - 19 Oct 1813
    Napoleon suffers a decisive defeat at the Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of the Nations.
  • 11 Apr 1814
    Napoleon abdicates, goes into exile on the island of Elba.
  • 2 May 1815 - 3 May 1815
    Joachim Murat's Neapolitan army is defeated at the Battle of Tolentino.
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