Isaac Newton

Definition

Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was an English mathematician and physicist widely regarded as the single most important figure in the Scientific Revolution for his three laws of motion and universal law of gravity. Newton's laws became a fundamental foundation of physics, while his discovery that white light is made up of a rainbow of colours revolutionised the field of optics.

More about: Isaac Newton

Timeline

  • 1642 - 1727
    Life of the scientist Isaac Newton.
  • 25 Dec 1642
    Isaac Newton is born in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England.
  • 1665 - 1666
    Isaac Newton's 'year of wonder' when he makes many new scientific discoveries.
  • Apr 1665
    Isaac Newton graduates from Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • 1666 - 1668
    Isaac Newton conducts optical experiments leading to the discovery that white light is composed of a spectrum of coloured light.
  • 1668
    Isaac Newton designs and builds a reflective telescope, the first of its kind, for the Royal Society in England.
  • 1687
    Isaac Newton publishes his laws of motion and universal law of gravity in Principia.
  • 1687
    Isaac Newton is made a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • 1687
    Laws of motion developed by Isaac Newton.
  • 1693
    Isaac Newton suffers a nervous breakdown.
  • 1696
    Isaac Newton is appointed the warden of the royal mint in the Tower of London.
  • 1699
    Isaac Newton is made mint master at the royal mint in the Tower of London.
  • 1699
    Isaac Newton is appointed a member of the French Royal Academy of Sciences.
  • 1703 - 1727
    Isaac Newton serves as President of the Royal Society in England.
  • 1704
    Isaac Newton publishes his discoveries on light in his Optics.
  • 1705
    Isaac Newton is knighted by Anne, Queen of Great Britain.
  • 20 Mar 1727
    Isaac Newton dies of kidney failure.
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