Hundred Years' War Timeline

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  • 1337 - 1453
    The Hundred Years' War between England and France.
  • Jun 1340
    An English fleet of Edward III of England destroys or captures a French fleet at Sluys.
  • 1345
    An army led by the Earl of Derby recaptures Gascony for the English Crown.
  • Jul 1346
    Edward III of England invades Normandy.
  • 26 Aug 1346
    Edward III of England and his son Edward the Black Prince win a great battle against Philip VI of France at Crécy in France.
  • Oct 1346
    David II of Scotland, ally of Philip VI of France, invades northern England.
  • 17 Oct 1346
    An English army defeats the Scots at the Battle of Neville’s Cross near Durham and captures David II of Scotland.
  • Jul 1347
    Edward III of England and his son Edward the Black Prince capture the Fench city of Calais after a long siege.
  • Jan 1350
    Edward the Black Prince leads a successful defence of Calais against a French attack.
  • 19 Sep 1356
    Edward the Black Prince wins a great victory at the Battle of Poitiers against the French. John II of France is captured.
  • 1359
    Edward III of England and Edward the Black Prince march on Rheims but the French city holds out.
  • May 1360
    The Treaty of Brétigny between England and France recognises Edward III of England's claims to French lands as he renounces his claim to the French throne.
  • 1362
    Edward the Black Prince is made the Prince of Aquitaine by his father Edward III of England.
  • 3 Apr 1367
    Edward the Black Prince famously wins the Battle of Najera in Castile.
  • 1370
    Edward the Black Prince retakes Limoges from the French and executes 3,000 innocents.
  • 1372 - 1375
    Charles V of France recaptures most of the territory previously gained by Edward III of England leaving the English only Gascony and Calais.
  • 12 Mar 1396
    Richard II of England marries Isabella of France, the daughter of Charles VI of France, thus sealing a three-decade peace between the two countries.
  • Sep 1415
    Henry V of England captures the Fench port of Harfleur.
  • 25 Oct 1415
    Battle of Agincourt in France between English and French armies. The former, led by Henry V of England, were victorious.
  • 1417 - 1419
    Henry V of England conquers Normandy.
  • Jan 1419
    Henry V of England captures Rouen.
  • May 1420
    Treaty of Troyes between England and France which nominates Henry V of England as the successor to Charles VI of France.
  • 2 Jun 1420
    Henry V of England marries Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France in Troyes Cathedral.
  • Mar 1421
    An English army loses to a French army at the Battle of Baugé.
  • 11 May 1422
    Henry V of England captures the French stronghold of Meaux.
  • 1429
    Joan of Arc lifts the Siege of Orleans; a major victory for the French in the Hundred Years' War.
  • 17 Jul 1429
    Coronation of Charles VII of France in Rheims.
  • 16 Dec 1431
    Coronation of Henry VI of England as king of France (Henry II) in Notre-dame de Paris.
  • 1434 - 1435
    Sir Henry Talbot orchestrates the successful defence of English-held Paris.
  • 1435
    The English lose the support of the Burgundians during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1436
    The English lose control of Paris during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1444 - 1449
    There is a five-year truce between England and France during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1445
    England loses control of Maine during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 22 Apr 1445
    Henry VI of England marries Margaret of Anjou, niece of Charles VII of France.
  • 1450
    England loses control of Normandy during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1453
    England loses control of Gascony during the Hundred Years' War.
  • Jul 1453
    The English are defeated by the French at the Battle of Castillon, the last battle of the Hundred Years' War.