Greek Science Timeline

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  • c. 585 BCE
    Time in which Thales of Miletus lived.
  • 28 May 585 BCE
    A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
  • c. 571 BCE - c. 497 BCE
    Life of Pythagoras of Samos; claim that "number" is the First Cause of existence and the soul is immortal.
  • c. 546 BCE
    Date of Anaximenes' work; air is claimed as the First Cause of existence.
  • c. 450 BCE
    Empedocles suggests that all things are made from combinations of the four elements; earth, fire, water and air.
  • 384 BCE - 322 BCE
    Life of Aristotle.
  • c. 310 BCE - c. 230 BCE
    Life of Greek astronomer and mathematician Aristarchus of Samos.
  • c. 300 BCE
    Beginnings of the discipline of botany, as Theophrastus writes Enquiry into Plants and The Causes of Plants.
  • 287 BCE - 212 BCE
    Life of Archimedes, physician, mathematician and engineer.
  • 190 BCE - 120 BCE
    Life of Hipparchus of Nicea, an ancient Greek mathematician, astronomer and geographer, regarded by many historians as a scientist of the highest quality and possibly the greatest astronomical genius among ancient Greeks.
  • 100 CE
    The mathematician and astronomer Menelaus of Alexandria lived.