Godin Tepe

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Definition

Godin Tepe is, today, an archaeological site in the Kangavar valley of Luristan, in western central Iran. The name means "hill of Godin" though what the settlement was called originally is unknown. The site was first discovered in 1961 during an archaeological survey conducted by the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and excavation of the mound began in 1965 resulting in important finds throughout the next three decades (with various interruptions due to conflict in the region) catalogued by assorted teams from many different countries.

More about: Godin Tepe

Timeline

  • c. 5000 BCE
    Godin Tepe settled.
  • c. 3500 BCE - c. 3100 BCE
    Period V - Writing, crafts and pottery produced. Beer and wine brewed.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2650 BCE
    Period IV - elaborate architecture, metal working. Godin Tepe invaded c. 2400 BCE.
  • c. 2600 BCE - c. 1600 BCE
    Period III - Godin Tepe at its height with flourishing trade, advances in metal working and arts. Most populous area in the region until destroyed by earthquake.
  • 1600 BCE - c. 750 BCE
    Left uninhabited after the earthquake, the site of Godin Tepe is slowly buried.
  • 750 BCE - 500 BCE
    Period II - The Medes occupy the site and a great Median palace is built. Ties to Pasargadae evident.
  • c. 500 BCE
    Palace and surrounding settlement at Godin Tepe abandoned. Used by travelers and squatters until, again, buried.
  • c. 1400 CE
    Period I - The ruins completely buried, a Muslim shrine to the Prophet erected on the site with a nearby cemetery.
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