First Intermediate Period of Egypt


The First Intermediate Period of Egypt (2181-2040 BCE) is the era which followed the Old Kingdom (c. 2613-2181 BCE) and preceded the Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE) periods of Egyptian history. The name was given to the era by 19th-century CE Egyptologists, not by the ancient Egyptians.

More about: First Intermediate Period of Egypt


  • c. 2181 BCE - c. 2040 BCE
    First Intermediate Period in Egypt.
  • c. 2125 BCE
    Rise of Intef I (The Great) of Thebes in Egypt.
  • c. 2115 BCE
    Mentuhotep I of Thebes makes war on the kings of Herakleopolis, Egypt.
  • c. 2112 BCE - c. 2063 BCE
    Reign of Wahankh Intef II, King of Upper and Lower Egypt, from Thebes. Raises first monument at Karnak site.
  • c. 2063 BCE
    Reign of Nakhtnebtepnefer Intef III at Thebes, Egypt.
  • c. 2061 BCE - c. 2010 BCE
    Reign of Mentuhotep II of Thebes who unites Egypt under central rule and initiates the period of the Middle Kingdom.