Excalibur Timeline

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  • c. 460 CE - c. 560 CE
    Probable dates for historical Arthur, King of the Britons.
  • c. 830 CE
    Welsh Historian Nennius first mentions Arthur as king and hero of Battle of Badon Hill.
  • c. 1095 CE - c. 1143 CE
    Life of historian William of Malmesbury who mentions Arthur as war-chief of Britons, not king.
  • c. 1130 CE - c. 1190 CE
    Life of French Poet Chretien de Troyes who introduces Grail Quest, Lancelot, and other elements to Arthurian Legend; calls sword Escalibur.
  • 1136 CE
    Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain introduces Arthurian Legend and Arthur's sword as Caliburn.
  • c. 1160 CE
    French Poet Wace develops Arthurian Legend further, adds Round Table, calls sword Chaliburn.
  • c. 1170 CE - c. 1220 CE
    Life of German Poet Wolfram von Eschenbach who develops Arthurian Legend in his poem Parzival.
  • c. 1190 CE
    French Poet Robert de Boron develops Arthurian Legend further including Grail Quest, Merlin, Sword in the Stone.
  • c. 1190 CE - c. 1220 CE
    Layamon translates Arthurian Legends into English.
  • c. 1200 CE
    The Welsh Mabinogion influences development of Arthurian Legend.
  • c. 1210 CE
    Gottfried von Strassburg writes Tristan, contributes to Arthurian Legend.
  • c. 1215 CE - c. 1235 CE
    The Vulgate Cycle of the Arthurian Legend composed in English Prose; Arthur's sword is Excalibur.
  • c. 1469 CE
    Sir Thomas Malory composes Le Morte D'Arthur, definitive version of Arthurian Legend including Excalibur as the king's sword.
  • 1485 CE
    Le Morte D'Arthur published by William Caxton, becomes instant best-seller popularizing Arthurian Legend.