Erebuni was an Urartian fortress and city, located between the Nor Aresh District and the Vardahsen District on the outskirts of present-day Yerevan, Armenia, and situated on top of Arin Berd hill. In Armenian, the fortress and archaeological site is known as “Arin-Berd” or the “Fortress of Blood,” and the name of this fortress city endures in the word “Yerevan,” which is the capital of Armenia. First constructed during the reign of Arguishti I (r. 786-764 BCE) around the year 782 BCE - some 20 years before the founding of Rome - Erebuni is typically described by historians and archaeologists as one of the mightiest and most impressive Urartian structures in existence.

More about: Erebuni


  • c. 782 BCE
    The fortress of Erebuni is constructed in ancient Armenia.
  • 585 BCE
    The Erebuni fortress in ancient Armenia is occupied by the Median Empire.
  • c. 188 BCE
    Artaxata replaces Erebuni as the Armenian capital.