English Reformation Timeline

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  • 1509 - 1547
  • 11 Jun 1509
    Prince Henry (future Henry VIII of England) marries Catherine of Aragon.
  • c. 1513 - 1529
    Cardinal Thomas Wolsey serves as Lord Chancellor to Henry VIII of England.
  • 1521
    The Pope awards Henry VIII of England with the title 'Defender of the Faith'.
  • 1522
    Anne Boleyn arrives at the court of Henry VIII of England.
  • 1529 - 1532
    Sir Thomas More is Lord Chancellor to Henry VIII of England.
  • 1529
    Cardinal Thomas Wolsey is dismissed from the Privy Council and as Lord Chancellor for his failure in Henry VIII of England's 'Great Matter'.
  • Jun 1529
    Cardinal Lorenzo Campeggio presides over a special court to decide the annulment of the first marriage of Henry VIII of England. No decision is reached.
  • 1530
    Cardinal Thomas Wolsey dies of ill health on his way to trial for treason against Henry VIII of England.
  • 1532 - 1540
    Thomas Cromwell is chief minister to Henry VIII of England.
  • 1532
    Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor over Henry VIII of England's plans to remarry.
  • 1532
    Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Act in Restraint of Annates which limits funds paid to the Papacy.
  • Oct 1532
    Henry VIII of England travels to France with Anne Boleyn as his official consort.
  • 1533 - 1555
    Thomas Cranmer serves as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 1533
    Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Act in Restraint of Appeals which declares that the English monarch is now the highest authority on all legal matters.
  • 25 Jan 1533
    Henry VIII of England marries his second wife, Anne Boleyn, in secret.
  • 30 Mar 1533
    Henry VIII of England appoints Thomas Cranmer as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 23 May 1533
    Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury formally annuls Henry VIII of England’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
  • 1 Jun 1533
    Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, is crowned Queen of England.
  • 1534
    Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Treason Act which forbids people to speak out and criticise their king or his policies.
  • 30 Apr 1534
    Parliament passes the Act of Succession which declares Henry VIII of England's daughter Mary (with Catherine of Aragon) illegitimate.
  • 28 Nov 1534
    The Act of Supremacy declares Henry VIII of England the head of the Church in England and not the Pope.
  • 1535
    Thomas Cromwell and a team of inspectors compile the Valor Ecclesiasticus, a record of all the wealth and income of monastic institutions in England and Wales.
  • Jan 1535
    Thomas Cromwell is made vicar-general by Henry VIII of England.
  • 6 Jul 1535
    Sir Thomas More is executed for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII of England as the head of the Church in England.
  • 1536
    Henry VIII of England and Thomas Cromwell push a bill through Parliament which begins the Dissolution of the Monasteries in England and Wales.
  • 1536
    Thomas Cromwell's Ten Articles rejects four of the Seven Sacraments of Catholicism.
  • Aug 1536
    Thomas Cromwell issues The Injunctions, a set of recommendations for the clergy.
  • Oct 1536 - Dec 1536
    The Pilgrimage of Grace, a popular uprising against religious changes made by Henry VIII of England, marches in the north of England.
  • Jun 1537
    Henry VIII of England executes 178 of the protestors involved in the Pilgrimage of Grace.
  • Jul 1537
    Thomas Cromwell publishes The Bishop’s Book.
  • 1538
    Thomas Cromwell issues a more radical version of The Injunctions.
  • 1539
    Henry VIII of England approves the translation of the Bible into English.
  • 1539
    Parliament passes an act to close all monasteries in England and Wales regardless of size.
  • Mar 1540
    Waltham Abbey is the last monastery in England to close.
  • Mar 1540
    Waltham Abbey in Essex is the last monastery to close in England.
  • 10 Jun 1540
    Thomas Cromwell is arrested on charges of treason and heresy.
  • 28 Jul 1540
    Thomas Cromwell is executed for treason and heresy.
  • 1547
    Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, issues his 'Book of Homilies'.
  • 1549
    The Kett Rebellion breaks out in Norfolk led by Robert Kett.
  • 1549
    A new Book of Common Prayer is issued in England.
  • 1549
    The Act of Uniformity makes the new Book of Common Prayer compulsory in England.
  • 26 Aug 1549
    The massacre at Dussindale in Norfolk ends the Kett Rebellion.
  • 1552
    A new, even more radical Book of Common Prayer is issued in England, removing many of the Catholic elements of religious worship.
  • Oct 1553
    The First Act of Repeal reverses all the religious-aimed legislation of Edward VI of England.
  • Jan 1555
    The Second Act of Repeal abolishes all post-1529 CE legislation concerning religious matters in England.
  • Feb 1555
    Mary I of England begins her persecution of Protestant 'heretics', eventually burning 287 of them at the stake.
  • 21 Mar 1556
    Thomas Cranmer is burnt at the stake in Oxford for heresy.
  • 1559 - 1563
    The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, a set of acts and decisions which continue the English Reformation.
  • 1559
    Elizabeth I of England introduces a new compromise Book of Common Prayer.
  • Apr 1559
    Elizabeth I of England reinstates the Act of Supremacy.
  • May 1559
    The Act of Uniformity which bans the Mass service and sets out what the interiors of English churches should look like.
  • Jul 1559
    The Royal Injunctions - 57 regulations on Church matters which continue the English Reformation.
  • 1563
    The 39 Articles define English Protestantism.
  • Feb 1570
    The Pope excommunicates Elizabeth I of England.
  • 8 Feb 1587
    Mary, Queen of Scots, guilty of plotting against Elizabeth I of England, is executed.