Empire of Trebizond

Definition

The Empire of Trebizond was an offshoot of the Byzantine Empire that existed from 1204 to 1461 CE, ruled by the Megas Komnenos Dynasty, descendants of the Komenos Byzantine emperors. The Empire of Trebizond has been far less researched than the Byzantine Empire, let alone the Roman Empire, yet it was the last real surviving descendant of those empires. Famed for its lucrative trade and beautiful princesses, Trebizond was at the edge of the medieval world, located on the southern side of the Black Sea surrounded by powerful empires.

More about: Empire of Trebizond

Timeline

  • 1202 - 1204
    The Fourth Crusade is formed to recapture Jerusalem for Christendom. Instead, the Crusaders attack Constantinople.
  • 1204
    Empire of Trebizond is founded by Alexios I Megas Komnenos and his brother David, with help from their aunt, Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • 1204 - 1461
    The Empire of Trebizond rules along the southern coast of the Black Sea.
  • 1204 - 1222
    Reign of Alexios I Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1214
    An army from the Empire of Nicaea defeats the Empire of Trebizond, marking the latter's furthest point of western expansion.
  • 1214
    The Seljuks capture Sinope from the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1238 - 1263
    Reign of Manuel I Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1254
    Manuel I Megas Komnenos recaptures the city of Sinope for the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1280 - 1297
    Reign of John I Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1282
    John II Megas Komenos of the Empire of Trebizond formally renounces his claim to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1297 - 1330
    Reign of Alexios II Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1340 - 1349
    Trapezuntine Civil War.
  • 1340 - 1341
    Reign of Irene Palaiologina, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1341 - 1342
    Reign of Anna Anachoutlou, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1342 - 1344
    Reign of John III Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1344 - 1349
    Reign of Michael I Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1349 - 1390
    Reign of Alexios III Megas Komnenos, ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1442
    Ottoman Sultan Murad II besieges Trebizond.
  • 1456
    Ottoman forces besiege Trebizond.
  • 1460 - 1461
    Reign of David Megas Komnenos, last ruler of the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1461
    Ottoman forces under Sultan Mehmed II capture Trebizond, ending the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1461
    David Megas Komnenos, the last Emperor of Trebizond, is deposed by the Ottomans.
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