Egyptian Empire

Definition

The Egyptian Empire rose during the period of the New Kingdom (c. 1570- c. 1069 BCE), when the country reached its height of wealth, international prestige, and military might. The empire stretched from modern-day Syria in the north to modern-day Sudan in the south and from the region of Jordan in the east to Libya in the west.

More about: Egyptian Empire

Timeline

  • c. 1991 BCE - 1962 CE
    First professional standing army of Egypt formed in the reign of King Amenemhat I.
  • c. 1570 BCE - c. 1069 BCE
    Period of the Egyptian Empire during the New Kingdom.
  • c. 1570 BCE
    Ahmose I drives the Hyksos from Egypt and establishes buffer states around borders which become provinces of empire.
  • c. 1541 BCE - 1520 BCE
    Professional army of the empire develops under the reign of Amenhotep I.
  • 1458 BCE - 1425 BCE
    Thutmose III expands the Egyptian Empire and encourages cultural development.
  • 1386 BCE - 1353 BCE
    The reign of Amenhotep III during which Egyptian Empire reaches its greatest height.
  • 1353 BCE - 1336 BCE
    Reign of Akhenaten whose religious reforms cripple the economy and damage international relations and trade; Egyptian Empire declines under his rule.
  • 1320 BCE - 1295 BCE
    Religious traditions and trade agreements restored under the reign of King Horemheb; Egyptian Empire revives.
  • 1279 BCE - 1213 BCE
    Reign of Ramesses II (the Great) during which Egyptian Empire flourishes.
  • 1186 BCE - 1155 BCE
    Reign of Ramesses III during which Egyptian Empire enters period of decline.
  • 1178 BCE
    Invasion of Egypt by the Sea Peoples; costly war depletes treasury and labor force.
  • 1159 BCE
    First recorded worker's strike in history under the reign of Ramesses III because pay was late; first obvious sign of decline of the Egyptian Empire.
  • 1155 BCE - 1077 BCE
    The Ramessid Period during which the Egyptian Empire steadily declines and falls. .
  • 1107 BCE - 1077 BCE
    Reign of Ramesses XI during which Egyptian Empire crumbles and falls.
  • c. 1069 BCE
    End of the New Kingdom/Egyptian Empire and beginning of the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt.
Membership