Derbent Timeline

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  • 438 CE
    Fortress of Derbent is founded by Shah Yazdegerd II.
  • c. 570 CE
    Construction of the current citadel, fortified walls, and city walls begins at Derbent at the request of Shah Khosrow I.
  • 627 CE
    Khazar attack on Derbent.
  • c. 643 CE
    Derbent in Arab hands.
  • 2003 CE
    Derbent's citadel, ancient city, and defensive walls are declared to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site.