Carthaginian Warfare Timeline

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  • 580 BCE - 376 BCE
    Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
  • 539 BCE
    Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
  • 535 BCE
    Battle of Alalia. Carthaginian navy, in alliance with Etruscans, defeated Greek ships off the island of Corsica.
  • 500 BCE
    Carthage expands into southern Spain.
  • 480 BCE
    Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
  • 406 BCE
    Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
  • c. 341 BCE
    Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.
  • 338 BCE
    Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.
  • 311 BCE
  • 310 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army of 14,000 in North Africa.
  • 309 BCE
    Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.
  • 307 BCE
    Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles of Syracuse led by Archagathus while Agathocles is in Sicily.
  • 306 BCE
    Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.
  • 264 BCE - 241 BCE
    First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
  • 260 BCE
    First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae in the First Punic War.
  • 255 BCE
    A Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis during the First Punic War.
  • Jun 250 BCE
    A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated by Roman consul Metellus near Palermo in the First Punic War.
  • 247 BCE
    Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
  • 237 BCE
    Hamilcar Barca arrives in southern Spain to expand Carthage's interests there. He makes his base at Gades and founds Acra Leuce.
  • 229 BCE
    Hasdrubal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
  • 221 BCE
    Hannibal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
  • 219 BCE
    Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.
  • 218 BCE - 202 BCE
    Second Punic War.
  • Apr 218 BCE - May 218 BCE
    Hannibal leaves Spain to cross the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy.
  • Nov 218 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Ticinus.
  • Dec 218 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Trebia.
  • Jun 217 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Lake Trasimene.
  • 216 BCE
    "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.
  • Aug 216 BCE
    Hannibal wins the battle of Cannae, the worst defeat in Roman history.
  • 215 BCE
    A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated at the battle of Ibera in Spain.
  • 212 BCE
    A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
  • 209 BCE
    Scipio Africanus captures the Carthaginian base and treasury Carthago Nova in southern Spain.
  • 207 BCE
    Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.
  • c. 22 Jun 207 BCE
    Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.
  • 206 BCE - 205 BCE
    The Romans conquer Gades. End of the Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 206 BCE
    Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain.
  • 204 BCE - 203 BCE
    Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.
  • 203 BCE
    Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
  • 203 BCE
    Scipio Africanus attacks the two camps of Syphax and Gisgo in North Africa and destroys their armies.
  • 203 BCE
    Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.
  • 203 BCE
    Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
  • 19 Oct 202 BCE
    Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War.
  • 150 BCE
    A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
  • 149 BCE - 146 BCE
    Third Punic War.
  • 149 BCE
    Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.
  • 147 BCE
    Scipio Africanus the Younger takes over command of the siege of Carthage and builds a mole to block its harbour.
  • 146 BCE
    Scipio Africanus the Younger sacks Carthage and enslaves its population.