Aztec Art

Definition

The Aztec culture, centred at the capital of Tenochtitlan, dominated most of Mesoamerica in the 15th-16th centuries. With military conquest and trade expansion, the art of the Aztecs also spread, helping the Aztec civilization achieve a cultural and political hegemony over their subjects and creating for posterity a tangible record of the artistic imagination and great talent of the artists from this last great Mesoamerican civilization.

More about: Aztec Art

Timeline

  • c. 1345 - 1521
    The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • c. 1427
    The Sun Stone depicting the ages of the five suns of Aztec mythology is carved and set up at Tenochtitlan.
  • c. 1473
    The Coyolxauhqui Stone is carved depicting the Aztec goddess Coyolxauhqui, dismembered by the god Huitzilopochtli.
  • c. 1485
    The Stone of Tizoc is carved depicting the Aztec king Tizoc attacking warriors from the Matlatzinca.
  • 1502
    The large stone marker depicting the Aztec goddess Tlaltecuhtli is carved at Tenochtitlan.
  • c. 1507
    The Throne of Motecuhzoma II is carved. Also known as the Monument of Sacred War.
  • 1519
    Motecuhzoma II has an image carved of himself on the hillside at Chapultepec.
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