Abd al-Rahman III Timeline

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  • 18 Dec 890
    Abd al-Rahman III is born in Cordoba.
  • 912
    Death of 'Abd Allah, Emir of Cordoba.
  • 912 - 961
  • 912
    Abd al-Rahman III becomes the Emir of Cordoba.
  • 915
    The autonomous Muslim leader Umar ibn Hafsun surrenders to the Umayyad forces of Abd al-Rahman III.
  • 916
    Abd al-Rahman III leads a campaign against the Kingdom of León.
  • 924
    Umayyad forces sack the Navarrese capital of Pamplona.
  • 928
    The rebel city of Bobastro falls to Abd al-Rahman III.
  • 929
    Abd al-Rahman III retakes the Lower March, including the city of Merida.
  • 929
    Abd al-Rahman III declares himself caliph, transforming the Emirate of Cordoba into the Caliphate of Cordoba.
  • 932
    Abd al-Rahman III retakes the city of Toledo from its regional warlord.
  • 934
    Abd al-Rahman III leads a northern campaign against Zaragoza, Navarre, and León and receives the submission of Navarre.
  • 936
    Abd al-Rahman III establishes the new Umayyad palace of Madinat al-Zahra outside of Cordoba.
  • 937
    Abd al-Rahman III retakes the city of Zaragoza from its autonomous ruler, Muhammad ibn Hashim al-Tujibi.
  • 939
    Leónese forces defeat the Umayyads at the Battle of Simancas (also known as the Battle of Alhandega).
  • 940
    Peace treaty between the Caliphate of Cordoba and the Kingdom of León.
  • 950
    Barcelona becomes a vassal of Abd al-Rahman III of Cordoba.
  • 957
    Umayyad forces raid Navarre and León.
  • 958
    The kings of Navarre and León become vassals of Abd al-Rahman III.
  • 961
    Abd al-Rahman III dies.