The Twelve Tribes of Israel
The Twelve Tribes of Israel refer to the sons of the Jewish Patriarch Jacob and are important for the tribal lineages of those who constituted the nation of Israel. In the ancient world, all ethnic groups developed stories of their ancestors...
Women in the Old Testament
Modern practitioners of Judaism and Christianity often turn to the Bible for stories concerning women and their roles in ancient religion and society. It is important to acknowledge that these stories were written by men. The male perspectives...
Yahweh is the name of the state god of the ancient Kingdom of Israel and, later, the Kingdom of Judah. His name is composed of four Hebrew consonants (YHWH, known as the Tetragrammaton) which the prophet Moses is said to have revealed to...
Head of an Ammonite God from Amman Citadel
Male head carved of yellowish limestone with traces of ochre paint and crowned in the Egyptian "atef" style. He has Western Asiatic lineament, such as the beard, straight mustache, big eyes, and long neck. The nose is broken. While the right...
Jacob Wright: The Oldest Reference to Israel
In 1896 Flinders Petrie discovered what is for many the most important achievement of his long and celebrated career as an archeologist. It is a large granite stela, over ten feet high, dating to 1208 BCE. This stone bears an account of how...
Greek Glass Amphoriskos from Amman
An amphoriskos is a small amphora, typically less than 4 inches in height. Polychrome and sand-core formed. The decoration and the technique used are very similar to Phoenician glass, reflecting the trade and cultural exchanges across the...
Pilgrim Flask from Amman
This is an ancient pottery pilgrim flask. A human needs about 2.5 liters of water per day to survive; the equivalent to filling this flask five times. Circa 1200-1000 BCE. From modern-day Amman, Jordan Hashemite Kingdom. (The Jordan Museum...
The Temple of Hercules, Amman
Parts of the Roman temple of Hercules have survived. The temple lies within the Amman Citadel (Jabal al-Qal'a), modern-day Amman city, Jordan. It dates back to the 2nd century CE.
Professor Jacob Wright Discusses the Origins of Noah
Jacob is a scholar of Hebrew BIble and Jewish Studies teaching at Emory University, home to the largest doctoral program in biblical studies. Watch this video to see him discuss the origins of Noah Copyright Emory University
Roman Theater, Amman
The theater was built into a hillside and has a capacity of 6000 people. Reign of the Roman emperor Antonius Pius, 138-161 CE. Modern-day Amman city, Jordan.