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East India Company
Definition by Mark Cartwright

East India Company

The English East India Company (EIC or EEIC), later to become the British East India Company, was founded in 1600 as a trading company. With a massive private army and the backing of the British government, the EIC looted the Indian subcontinent...
Dutch East India Company
Definition by Kim Martins

Dutch East India Company

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) was formed in 1602 by the Staten-Generaal (States General) of the then Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The company was granted a 21-year charter with rights to trade exclusively in Asia and to...
Trade Goods of the East India Company
Article by Mark Cartwright

Trade Goods of the East India Company

The English East India Company (EIC) was founded in 1600, and it came to control both trade and territories in India, as well as a trade monopoly with China. Goods the EIC traded included spices, cotton cloth, tea, and opium, all in such...
Fall of the East India Company
Article by Mark Cartwright

Fall of the East India Company

The British East India Company (1600-1874) was the largest and most successful private enterprise ever created. All-powerful wherever it colonised, the EIC's use of its own private army and increasing territorial control, particularly in...
The Armies of the East India Company
Article by Mark Cartwright

The Armies of the East India Company

The East India Company (EIC) was first England's and then Britain's tool of colonial expansion in India and beyond. Revenue from trade and land taxes from territories it controlled allowed the EIC to build up its own private armies, collectively...
The English and Dutch East India Companies' Invasions of India
Article by James Hancock

The English and Dutch East India Companies' Invasions of India

In the early 17th century, the Dutch and English East India Companies turned their eyes towards India, as part of their grand schemes to develop extensive trade networks across the Indian and China Seas. They were faced with two significant...
The History of The East India Company
Collection by Mark Cartwright

The History of The East India Company

The British East India Company (EIC) was founded as a trading company in 1600. Run by a board of directors in London, the company employed a private army, first to protect the trade it conducted in the Indian subcontinent and then to expand...
Robert Clive & The East India Company Rule in India, c. 1765
Image by Simeon Netchev

Robert Clive & The East India Company Rule in India, c. 1765

A map illustrating the transformation of the East India Company from a hopeful merchant venture in 1600 with isolated trade outposts governed by isolated and mostly independent town councils into a major ruler of large territories in India...
East India Company Madras Uniforms
Image by Yellapah of Vellore

East India Company Madras Uniforms

A c. 1830 illustration by Yellapah of Vellore showing six Sepoy uniforms of the East India Company Madras army. From left to right: Madras Horse Artillery Madras Light Cavalry Madras Rifle Corps Madras Pioneers Madras Native...
East India Company Fort, Bombay
Image by Unknown Artist

East India Company Fort, Bombay

A c. 1665 illustration of the British East India Company's fort at Bombay (now Mumbai). (National Archives of the Netherlands, The Hague)
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