An olifant reliquary imported from Sicily and ramanied by a workshop near the area of the Meuse River around 1160-1180 CE. Ivory, repoussé, openwork, chased and gilded cast copper. In the 11th and 12th Century CE, Sicilian ivory carving workshops had specialized in the production of olifants, hunting horns carved from elephant tusks.
After its arrival in the Mosan region, this olifant, perhaps because it was a curiosity or thought to be the personal belonging of a saint, was transformed into a reliquary. It was then embellished with a gold decoration representing busts of apostles, prophets and virtues.
Provenance: treasury of the Saint Servatius Church in Maastricht. Museum of Art History. (Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels, Belgium). Made of 180 pictures with ReCap pro from AutoDesk.
- KMKGAccessed 10 Dec 2020.
Cite This Work
Marchal, G. (2020, November 12). Olifant Reliquary. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image3d/512/olifant-reliquary/
Marchal, Geoffrey. "Olifant Reliquary." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified November 12, 2020. https://www.worldhistory.org/image3d/512/olifant-reliquary/.
Marchal, Geoffrey. "Olifant Reliquary." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 12 Nov 2020. Web. 16 May 2022.