Machu Picchu is an Inca settlement located in the High Andes of Peru in the Urubamba Valley, north of Cuzco. The site, perched high above the Urubamba river, has been variously described as a fortress, imperial retreat and ceremonial precinct. It was founded by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui in c. 1450 CE, had capacity for around 1,000 residents at its peak, and ranked amongst the most sacred of all sites for the Inca. Following the collapse of the Inca empire, Machu Picchu was abandoned and forgotten, only to be rediscovered in 1911 CE by the explorer Hiram Bingham.
Cite This Work
reydeasiria, . (2018, November 21). Machu Picchu - 3D View. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image3d/370/machu-picchu---3d-view/
reydeasiria, . "Machu Picchu - 3D View." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified November 21, 2018. https://www.worldhistory.org/image3d/370/machu-picchu---3d-view/.
reydeasiria, . "Machu Picchu - 3D View." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 21 Nov 2018. Web. 15 Jun 2021.