Armenia's Geghard Monastery

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James Blake Wiener
published on 09 April 2018

Geghard Monastery in Armenia was founded at an unknown date, but it is believed that the site was a place of worship among Armenia's pre-Christian and pagan population. It is likely that the monastery was first founded in the 4th century CE by St. Gregory the Illuminator, and the monastery was known as "Auyrivank" or "Monastery of Caves." The monks who lived at the monastery were known for their asceticism and learning, and the monastery contained a manuscriptorium, seminary, and even and academy of music. Although it was plundered by the Arabs in the 920s CE, Geghard Monastery rose to great heights of fame and patronage during the 13th century CE.

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About the Author

James Blake Wiener
James is a writer and former Professor of History. He holds an MA in World History with a particular interest in cross-cultural exchange and world history. He is a co-founder of World History Encyclopedia and formerly was its Communications Director.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Wiener, J. B. (2018, April 09). Armenia's Geghard Monastery. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Wiener, James Blake. "Armenia's Geghard Monastery." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 09, 2018.

MLA Style

Wiener, James Blake. "Armenia's Geghard Monastery." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 09 Apr 2018. Web. 07 Feb 2023.