Greek Fire

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Mark Cartwright
by Unknown Artist
published on 13 November 2017

A 12th century CE illustration of the Byzantine weapon Greek Fire in action. The weapon sprayed a petroleum-based liquid to set ablaze anything in its path, especially ships. Here the battle is between ships of Michael II and those of Thomas the Slav during the latter’s siege of Constantinople in 821-822 CE. (Madrid Skylitzes, National Library, Madrid)

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Artist, U. (2017, November 13). Greek Fire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Artist, Unknown. "Greek Fire." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified November 13, 2017.

MLA Style

Artist, Unknown. "Greek Fire." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 13 Nov 2017. Web. 24 Mar 2023.