Egyptian King-list

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 21 July 2016

Monumental lists of past kings expressed the living ruler's legitimacy. Originally, Ramesses II was shown on the far right, honoring previous kings and the god Osiris. The kings were represented by their throne names, written inside oval "cartouches". The upper surviving row, mentions little-known kings of the 7th and 8th Dynasties. The middle row lists those of the 12th, 18th, and 19th Dynasties. Rulers deemed unimportant or illegitimate, including ruling queens, have been omitted. A pharaoh was known primarily by his throne name. This was traditionally a statement about his divine father, the sun-god Ra, so all cartouches with throne names display a sun-god at the top. A king's birth name was the only name he had already as a prince and is preceded by the epithet "son of Ra". 19th Dynasty, reign of Ramesses II, circa 1279-1213 BCE. From the temple of Ramesses II at Abydos, Egypt. (The British Museum, London).

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2016, July 21). Egyptian King-list. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Egyptian King-list." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified July 21, 2016.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Egyptian King-list." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 21 Jul 2016. Web. 20 Mar 2023.