Rock relief of Mountain Hareer

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 02 October 2014
Rock relief of Mountain Hareer Download Full Size Image

This rock relief lies on the cliff of Hareer Mountain, which looks over the modern village of Patas and Hareer, Erbil Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan. The relief depicts a standing man who wears a hat, raises his right arm, and holds a long spare in his left arm. It is surrounded by a prominent frame. Archaeologists think that this relief commemorates the victory of a Median king over the Assyrian army. However, others suggest that the depicted man is King Hdiab III and this dates back the relief to 83 CE.
The relief has undergone extensive and continuous mutilation and deliberate destruction by local villagers because they think/thought that this man represents a god and this stands against their Islamic beliefs. Note the innumerable bullet marks.

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2014, October 02). Rock relief of Mountain Hareer. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Rock relief of Mountain Hareer." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified October 02, 2014.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Rock relief of Mountain Hareer." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 02 Oct 2014. Web. 23 Jul 2024.