Excommunicated Spinoza

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Mark Cartwright
by Samuel Hirszenberg
published on 24 January 2024
Excommunicated Spinoza Download Full Size Image

An early 20th-century painting by Samuel Hirszenberg of the Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) illustrating his excomunication by the Jewish community in Amsterdam around 1656 for his radical views.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Hirszenberg, S. (2024, January 24). Excommunicated Spinoza. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/18391/excommunicated-spinoza/

Chicago Style

Hirszenberg, Samuel. "Excommunicated Spinoza." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 24, 2024. https://www.worldhistory.org/image/18391/excommunicated-spinoza/.

MLA Style

Hirszenberg, Samuel. "Excommunicated Spinoza." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 24 Jan 2024. Web. 21 Jul 2024.