James Francis Edward Stuart

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Illustration

Mark Cartwright
by Antonio David
published on 16 January 2023

A c. 1720 portrait of James II of England’s exiled son James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766), also known as the Old Pretender since he claimed the crown of Great Britain which had since passed on to the House of Hanover and George I of Great Britain (r. 1714-1727).

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Cite This Work

APA Style

David, A. (2023, January 16). James Francis Edward Stuart. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16896/james-francis-edward-stuart/

Chicago Style

David, Antonio. "James Francis Edward Stuart." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 16, 2023. https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16896/james-francis-edward-stuart/.

MLA Style

David, Antonio. "James Francis Edward Stuart." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 16 Jan 2023. Web. 08 Feb 2023.

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